There are risks that go with any type of medical procedure and surgery is no longer an exception. Success of surgery depends upon 3 factors: type of disease/surgery, experience of surgeon and overall health of patients. What's important is whether the expected benefits outweigh the possible risks.
Complications in major surgical procedures include:
Complications related to Anaesthesia:Reactions to drugs used (anesthesia) or other medicines. Although rare, these can be serious because they can cause dangerously low blood pressures.
Complications related to underlying medical illness like heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, obesity, malnutrition.
Complications related to Specific Operations:
Possible complications may include cannula site infections, pneumonia, internal bleeding or infection inside the abdomen at the site where the spleen used to be, although these complications are infrequent.
Laxative: You may also be asked to use a laxative or an enema to
Injury to the stomach, pancrease or internal organs.
You are encouraged with discuss in detail with our health care team before you give your consent for surgery.
Conversion to open surgery: In a small number of patients the laparoscopic method is not feasible because of the inability to visualize or handle the organs (appendix) effectively. Factors that may increase the possibility of converting to the open procedure may include perforated & densely adherent appendix to nearby organ, obesity, a history of prior abdominal surgery causing dense scar tissue, or bleeding problems during the operation. The decision to convert to an open procedure is strictly based on patient safety.
Side effect of Surgery: Most people who have their spleens removed have no clinical side effects. Only few may have following condition. They are advised to inform about spleen surgery to their family doctor when they consult for any medical aliments.
Overwhelming Post-Splenectomy Infection (OPSI): There are certain bacterial infections that people are more susceptible to after a splenectomy. This is particularly important in younger patients, and it is important to seek medical attention early if any infection develops. The incidence of these bacterial infections overall is uncommon.
Preoperative vaccinations against the bacteria are normally administered to help decrease this incidence. It may be given after surgery if emergency surgery was done.
Antibiotics, like penicillin, is given after surgery for some time to prevent infection.
Don't neglect if have fever after surgery. Report to your to family doctor and tell him that your spleen has been removed. So he give you proper treatment.
Thrombocytosis: The platelet count can also rise after splenectomy and should be monitored. Patients occasionally have to take aspirin products to help reduce the function of platelets.