Reading Time: 2 minutes
Scarring from TB lesions:
- TB lesions can form in the wall of the intestine. As these lesions heal, they can form scar tissue. This scar tissue can narrow the bowel and make it more likely to become obstructed.
- A stricture is a narrowing of the intestine. TB can cause strictures to form in the small intestine. These strictures can make it difficult for food and other contents of the bowel to pass through, which can lead to obstruction.
- Adhesions are bands of scar tissue that can form between different organs in the abdomen. TB can cause adhesions to form between the small intestine and other organs, such as the colon or the abdominal wall. These adhesions can kink or twist the small intestine, which can lead to obstruction.
- A fistula is an abnormal connection between two organs. TB can cause fistulas to form between the small intestine and other organs, such as the colon or the bladder. These fistulas can allow food and other contents of the bowel to leak into other organs, which can lead to inflammation and obstruction.
Symptoms of Intestinal Tuberculosis & small bowel obstruction
The symptoms of small bowel obstruction can vary depending on the severity of the obstruction. Common symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Inability to pass gas
- Loud bowel sounds
- Visible distention of the abdomen
Diagnosis of Intestinal Tuberculosis & small bowel obstruction
If a doctor suspects that small bowel obstruction may be present, they may order imaging tests such as an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI. These tests can help to visualize the site and cause of the obstruction.
Treatment of Intestinal Tuberculosis & small bowel obstruction
Treatment for small bowel obstruction depends on the severity of the obstruction. In some cases, the obstruction may resolve on its own with non-surgical management, such as fasting, intravenous fluids, and bowel rest. However, in other cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected segment of the bowel or repair a fistula.
Prevention of Intestinal Tuberculosis &small bowel obstruction
There is no surefire way to prevent small bowel obstruction. However, there are some things that you can do to reduce your risk, such as:
- Eating a healthy diet
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Exercising regularly
- Avoiding smoking
- Managing other medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure
If you have intestine TB, it is important to see your doctor regularly for follow-up care. This can help to identify any early signs of small bowel obstruction and ensure that you receive prompt treatment if needed.