Introduction: Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus. It's usually spread through blood-to-blood contact with an infected person.
It's most commonly spread through sharing needles used to inject drugs. Poor healthcare practices and unsafe medical injections are the main way it’s spread
Treatment: Hepatitis C can be treated with a combination of medicines that stop the virus multiplying inside the body. These usually need to be taken for several months. Using the latest medications, up to 90% or more of people with hepatitis C may be cured.
However, it's important to be aware that you won't be immune to the infection and should take steps to reduce your risk of becoming infected again.
Course & Complication: Hepatitis C often causes no noticeable symptoms, or only flu-like symptoms, so many people are unaware they're infected.
Around one in four people will fight off the infection and be free of the virus. In the remaining cases, it will stay in the body for many years. This is known as chronic hepatitis C and can cause cirrhosis and liver failure.
Vaccination OR Prevention: There's no vaccine for hepatitis C, but there are ways to reduce your risk of becoming infected.
not sharing any drug-injecting equipment with other people – including needles and other equipment such as syringes, spoons and filters
not sharing razors or toothbrushes that might be contaminated with blood
The risk of getting hepatitis C through sex is very low. However, it may be higher if blood is present, such as menstrual blood or from minor bleeding during anal sex.