Dr AvinashTank, is a super-specialist (MCh) Laparoscopic Gastro-intestinal Surgeon,

Akarkara (Pellitory): Amazing Facts, Nutritional Value, Health Benefits & Side Effects

  • Home
  • -
  • Food & Nutrition
  • -
  • Akarkara (Pellitory): Amazing Facts, Nutritional Value, Health Benefits & Side Effects
Akarkara (Pellitory): Amazing Facts, Nutritional Value, Health Benefits & Side Effects
Spread the love

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Akarkara (Pellitory)

Amazing Facts about Akarkara / Pellitory

  1. Botanical Name and History Akarkara, scientifically known as Anacyclus pyrethrum, is a powerful medicinal plant with a rich historical background. Its use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic and Unani medicine systems. Akarkara belongs to the Asteraceae family and is native to regions in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and parts of Asia.
  2. Common Name Akarkara is commonly referred to as Pellitory or Pyrethrum.
  3. Synonyms in Hindi, Sanskrit, Regional Language
    • Hindi: Akarkara, Akarakarabha
    • Sanskrit: Akarakarabha, Anavalaka
    • Bengali: Akarkara
    • Marathi: Akarkara
    • Tamil: Ankirankand, Akuikarang
    • Telugu: Akarakarabha
    • Kannada: Akarakarabha
    • Malayalam: Akarakaram
  4. Parts Used The root of Akarkara is the most valuable part, known for its medicinal properties. It is often dried and ground into a fine powder for various applications.
  5. Source: Plant-Based Akarkara is a plant-based source of medicinal benefits, primarily derived from its root.
  6. Native Region & Geographical Distribution Akarkara is native to the Mediterranean region and parts of Asia, including India. It is found in regions with a temperate climate. In India, it is cultivated in states like Rajasthan and Punjab.
  7. Natural Season of Availability Akarkara is typically harvested during the winter season when the plant’s root contains the highest concentration of active compounds.

Chemical Composition

Akarkara (Anacyclus pyrethrum) root contains a variety of bioactive compounds, including:

  1. Alkylamides: These compounds are responsible for the pungent taste and tingling sensation when consumed. They stimulate saliva production.
  2. Pyrethrins: Pyrethrins are natural insecticides and have been used traditionally for their insect-repellent properties.
  3. Anacycline: This compound is believed to have aphrodisiac properties and has been traditionally used for its effects on male sexual health.
  4. Sesquiterpene Lactones: These compounds contribute to the bitter taste of Akarkara and may have anti-inflammatory effects.

Nutritional Value

While not a significant source of macronutrients, Akarkara root offers valuable micronutrients and bioactive compounds:

  • Fiber: Akarkara root contains dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and promotes gut health.
  • Minerals: It is a source of essential minerals like calcium, potassium, and iron.
  • Vitamins: The root also contains trace amounts of vitamins such as vitamin C.

Benefits on Health

Akarkara (Anacyclus pyrethrum) is revered for its various health benefits, making it a valuable herb in traditional medicine systems:

  1. Aphrodisiac: Akarkara is known for its aphrodisiac properties, particularly in improving male sexual health by enhancing libido and addressing issues like erectile dysfunction.
  2. Dental Health: The root’s stimulating properties promote saliva production, which can help maintain oral hygiene and reduce the risk of dental problems.
  3. Digestive Aid: Akarkara can stimulate the appetite and improve digestion by increasing gastric secretion and promoting gastrointestinal motility.
  4. Respiratory Health: It has been used traditionally to relieve respiratory issues like coughs, bronchitis, and asthma.
  5. Anti-Inflammatory: Some compounds in Akarkara may possess anti-inflammatory properties and could be used to alleviate pain and swelling.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Is Akarkara safe for consumption?

A1: Akarkara can be consumed safely in moderation for its various health benefits. However, excessive intake should be avoided.

Q2: How can Akarkara be used for improving sexual health?

A2: Akarkara is traditionally used to improve male sexual health. It can be consumed in the form of a paste or powder mixed with honey.

Q3: Are there any side effects of Akarkara consumption?

A3: Excessive intake of Akarkara can lead to side effects such as a burning sensation in the mouth, excessive salivation, and stomach discomfort. It should be used in moderation.

Q4: Can Akarkara be used for dental problems?

A4: Akarkara’s stimulating properties can promote saliva production, which may help maintain oral hygiene. It can be used as a mouthwash or toothpaste ingredient.

Q5: Is Akarkara suitable for women’s health?

A5: While Akarkara is traditionally associated with male sexual health, some women also use it to enhance libido. However, its effects on women’s health are less studied.

Precautions when Using Akarkara / Pellitory

While Akarkara offers various health benefits, it’s important to exercise caution and follow these precautions:

  1. Moderation: Overconsumption of Akarkara can lead to side effects like a burning sensation in the mouth, excessive salivation, and stomach discomfort. Stick to recommended doses.
  2. Pregnancy and Lactation: Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using Akarkara due to limited safety information.
  3. Allergies: Individuals with known allergies to plants in the Asteraceae family (like ragweed, marigolds, and daisies) should exercise caution when using Akarkara.
  4. Medication Interactions: Akarkara may interact with certain medications, so consult your healthcare provider if you’re on medication.

Recommended Dose

The recommended dose of Akarkara root powder is generally 1 to 3 grams per day. It can be consumed with honey or milk for its aphrodisiac and digestive benefits.

How to Use Akarkara / Pellitory

There are various ways to incorporate Akarkara root into your routine:

  1. Powder: Akarkara root is typically dried and ground into a fine powder. You can mix this powder with honey or milk and consume it.
  2. Mouthwash: A mouthwash made from Akarkara root infusion can help maintain oral hygiene and address dental problems.
  3. Topical Application: In some traditional remedies, Akarkara paste is applied topically to relieve pain and inflammation.

Parts Used

The root of Akarkara (Anacyclus pyrethrum) is the primary part used for its medicinal properties.

Healthy Recipe made from Akarkara / Pellitory

Akarkara Honey Tonic


  • 1 teaspoon Akarkara root powder
  • 1 tablespoon honey


  1. Mix the Akarkara root powder and honey in a small bowl to create a paste.
  2. Consume this paste daily, preferably in the morning or before bedtime.

Side Effects of Akarkara / Pellitory

While Akarkara (Anacyclus pyrethrum) offers numerous health benefits, it should be used in moderation. Excessive intake can lead to the following side effects:

  1. Mouth Irritation: Akarkara may cause a burning sensation in the mouth, excessive salivation, and potential irritation of the oral mucosa.
  2. Stomach Discomfort: Overconsumption of Akarkara can lead to stomach discomfort, including nausea and gastrointestinal distress.
  3. Allergic Reactions: Individuals with allergies to plants in the Asteraceae family may experience allergic reactions when using Akarkara.


Akarkara (Pellitory) is a potent herbal remedy with a long history of use in traditional medicine systems. When used in moderation and in accordance with recommended doses, Akarkara can provide various health benefits, particularly in improving male sexual health, enhancing oral hygiene, and aiding digestion. However, it’s crucial to exercise caution and consult with a healthcare professional if you have specific health conditions or are on medication. As with any natural remedy, responsible use and informed decision-making are key to reaping the benefits of Akarkara while minimizing the risk of side effects. Explore the potential of this herbal powerhouse and consider incorporating it into your wellness routine for a holistic approach to health and well-being.

Spread the love

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »
error: Content is protected !!

Book An Appointment

Consult Online