Dr AvinashTank, is a super-specialist (MCh) Laparoscopic Gastro-intestinal Surgeon,

Keyhole Surgery

Amazing Facts about Keyhole Surgery for Cancer treatment

  • Historical Roots: The roots of minimally invasive surgery can be traced back to the early 20th century when surgeons started experimenting with small incisions and the use of endoscopes for diagnosis. However, it was in the 1980s when keyhole surgery truly gained momentum with significant advancements in technology and surgical techniques.
Source https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20491389/ 
  • Laparoscopic Revolution: Laparoscopy, a type of keyhole surgery, brought a significant shift in cancer treatment. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, laparoscopy was primarily used for diagnostic purposes, but soon, it expanded to include surgical interventions.
Source https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20491389/ 
  • Oncological Applications: Keyhole surgery is now used for various cancer treatments, including gastrointestinal cancers, gynecological cancers, urological cancers, and some types of thoracic and head and neck cancers. It allows surgeons to perform complex cancer surgeries with precision and accuracy.
Source https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2930894/ 
  • Multidisciplinary Approach: Keyhole surgery often involves a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, oncologists, and other specialists. This collaborative approach allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s condition and the development of personalized treatment plans.
Source https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8628680/ 
  • Continuous Advancements: Keyhole surgery is a field that continues to evolve rapidly. As technology improves and surgical techniques become more refined, the benefits of minimally invasive surgery for cancer treatment will likely increase further.

4 Reasons for Regular Cancer Screening 

  1. Early Detection: Regular screening allows for the identification of cancer at an early stage when it’s more treatable and has a higher chance of successful outcomes.
  2. Improved Survival Rates: Early detection through screening can lead to better treatment options, resulting in improved survival rates and increased chances of a cure.
  3. Risk Assessment: Cancer screening helps identify individuals at higher risk for developing cancer, allowing for targeted preventive measures and lifestyle modifications to reduce their risk.
  4. Peace of Mind: Regular screening offers peace of mind to individuals, knowing that they are taking proactive steps to monitor their health and detect cancer at its earliest stages, if present.

Complications of Untreated Cancer

  1. Disease Progression: If left untreated, cancer can continue to grow and spread to other parts of the body, making it more challenging to treat effectively.
  2. Reduced Treatment Options: Delayed treatment may limit the available treatment options, as some therapies may no longer be effective in advanced stages of cancer.
  3. Decreased Quality of Life: As cancer progresses, it can cause pain, discomfort, and other symptoms that significantly impact the individual’s quality of life.
  4. Risk of Complications: Untreated cancer can lead to serious complications, such as organ failure or life-threatening infections, which can further worsen the person’s health condition.

Celebrities who have fought cancer and won

Sonali Bendre

Bollywood actress Sonali Bendre was diagnosed with metastatic cancer in 2018. The actress had cancer treatment in the United States and returned cancer-free. She starred in several Bollywood blockbusters, including ‘Kal Ho Naa Ho’ and ‘Sarfarosh.’Source https://www.outlookindia.com/art-entertainment/bollywood-stars-who-bravely-battled-with-cancer-news-82492 

Mumtaz

This evergreen Bollywood actress won many hearts with her beauty and charismatic performances in movies such as Do Raaste, Chor Machaye Shor, Aag, Khilona, Aadmi aur Insaan, Upaasna and so on. At the age of 54 she was diagnosed with breast cancer. She fought the disease for 11 years and made sure it did not get the better of her. She was also featured in the UniGlobe Entertainments documentary on cancer survival called ‘1 Minute’.Source https://www.obesitydoctor.in/health-tips/Indian-Celebrities-Diagnosed-with-Cancer

Robert De Niro

Thanks to regular medical checkups, the actor’s prostate cancer was diagnosed at an early stage in 2003. In December of that year, De Niro had surgery, a typical treatment option when the cancer has not spread beyond the prostate gland.Source https://www.aarp.org/health/conditions-treatments/info-2014/celebrities-who-beat-cancer-photo.html#slide7 

What is Keyhole Surgery 

Keyhole surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that utilizes small incisions and specialized instruments to access and operate on the affected area. Instead of a large open incision, several small incisions are made, through which a laparoscope and other surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light source that allows the surgical team to visualize the surgical site on a monitor. This approach offers numerous advantages over traditional open surgery, including reduced postoperative pain, shorter recovery time, and improved cosmetic outcomes.

Procedure

The key steps involved in a keyhole surgery procedure for cancer treatment are as follows:
  1. Patient Preparation: The patient undergoes preoperative evaluation and preparation, which may include fasting, administration of anesthesia, and appropriate positioning on the operating table.
  2. Creation of Incisions: Several small incisions, typically ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 centimeters, are made in the abdomen. The number and location of incisions depend on the specific surgical procedure and the site of the cancerous lesion.
  3. Insertion of Trocars: Trocars, specialized ports, are placed through the incisions to create access points for the laparoscope and surgical instruments. The laparoscope, connected to a high-resolution camera, is inserted through one of the trocars to visualize the surgical field.
  4. Carbon Dioxide Insufflation: Carbon dioxide gas is gently infused into the abdomen to create a working space and improve visibility by lifting the abdominal wall away from internal organs.
  5. Surgical Manipulation: Using long, thin instruments inserted through the remaining trocars, the surgeon performs the necessary surgical manipulations to remove the cancerous tissue or perform other cancer-related procedures.
  6. Closure: Once the surgical procedure is completed, the instruments are removed, and the small incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips.

Who needs Keyhole Surgery 

Not all patients are eligible for keyhole surgery, and the decision depends on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s expertise. Generally, patients who meet the following criteria may be considered for scarless surgery:
  1. Early-Stage Cancer: Scarless surgery is most suitable for early-stage cancers that are localized and have not spread to surrounding tissues or distant sites.
  2. Favorable Tumor Characteristics: The size, location, and accessibility of the tumor play a crucial role in determining eligibility for scarless surgery. Tumors that are smaller in size and located in accessible areas are more amenable to this approach.
  3. Patient’s Health Status: The patient should be in good overall health, without significant comorbidities that may increase the risks associated with surgery.

How to prepare for Keyhole Surgery 

Preparing for keyhole surgery for cancer treatment involves several important steps to ensure a safe and successful procedure. Here are some general guidelines for preparation:
  • Preoperative Assessment: Your healthcare team will conduct a thorough preoperative assessment to evaluate your overall health, medical history, and any preexisting conditions. This assessment helps determine if you are a suitable candidate for keyhole surgery and helps plan the procedure accordingly.
  • Medical Clearance: If you have any underlying health issues, such as heart or lung problems, your surgeon may require you to undergo additional medical tests or seek clearance from relevant specialists to ensure you are fit for surgery.
  • Medications: Inform your healthcare team about any medications, supplements, or herbal remedies you are currently taking. Some medications may need to be temporarily stopped before surgery, as they can interfere with the procedure or anesthesia.
  • Fasting: You will likely be instructed to fast for a specific period before the surgery. Typically, you should avoid eating or drinking anything for at least 8 hours before the procedure to reduce the risk of aspiration during anesthesia.
  • Bowel Preparation: Depending on the type of cancer and its location, your surgeon may recommend bowel preparation to ensure that the area being operated on is clean and free of fecal matter.
  • Smoking and Alcohol: If you smoke or consume alcohol, it’s essential to follow your healthcare team’s advice on reducing or stopping these habits before surgery, as they can affect your recovery and healing.
  • Psychological Preparation: Keyhole surgery for cancer can be a stressful experience. It’s essential to address any anxiety or concerns you may have. Talking to your surgeon and healthcare team about the procedure and asking questions can help ease your mind.
  • Support System: Arrange for a support system to help you during your recovery, especially if you live alone or have limited mobility after surgery.
  • Postoperative Care: Understand the postoperative care instructions given by your healthcare team, including wound care, pain management, and any restrictions on physical activities.
  • Follow Preoperative Instructions: It is crucial to adhere to all preoperative instructions given by your healthcare team to ensure the surgery proceeds smoothly and safely.
Remember that the preparation for keyhole surgery may vary based on the type of cancer and the individual’s specific medical condition. Your healthcare team will provide personalized instructions to help you prepare adequately for the procedure. Always communicate openly with your medical team and follow their guidance for the best possible outcome.

Benefits of Keyhole Surgery

  1. Reduced Trauma and Faster Recovery: Keyhole surgery involves smaller incisions, resulting in reduced tissue trauma and postoperative pain. Patients undergoing keyhole surgery experience faster recovery times and can resume their normal activities sooner.
  2. Improved Cosmetic Outcomes: The small incisions used in keyhole surgery are less noticeable and result in improved cosmetic outcomes compared to large open incisions, leading to increased patient satisfaction.
  3. Reduced Blood Loss: Keyhole surgery is associated with minimal blood loss, leading to a decreased need for blood transfusions and a lower risk of complications related to significant blood loss.
  4. Shorter Hospital Stay: Patients undergoing keyhole surgery often have shorter hospital stays compared to those undergoing open surgery. This not only reduces healthcare costs but also decreases the risk of hospital-acquired infections and improves overall patient comfort.
  5. Faster Return to Normal Functioning: Keyhole surgery allows for a faster return to normal functioning and activities of daily living. Patients experience less disruption to their daily routines and can resume work and other activities sooner.

Risks of Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole surgery, although generally safe and effective, does carry certain risks and limitations that should be considered:
  1. Limited Access and Visualization: In complex cases or when dealing with large tumors, keyhole surgery may have limitations in terms of accessing and visualizing the surgical site. This can make certain procedures more challenging or even impossible to perform laparoscopically, requiring conversion to open surgery.
  2. Potential for Surgical Complications: Like any surgical procedure, keyhole surgery carries the risk of specific complications such as bleeding, infection, organ damage, and the formation of adhesions. However, it is important to note that the overall complication rates are comparable to or lower than those associated with open surgery.

What to do after Keyhole Surgery

After undergoing keyhole surgery for cancer treatment, proper postoperative care is essential for a smooth and successful recovery. Here are some general guidelines on what to do after the surgery:
  • Recovery Room: After the surgery, you will be taken to a recovery room where healthcare professionals will closely monitor your vital signs and ensure you wake up from anesthesia safely.
  • Hospital Stay: The length of your hospital stay will depend on the extent and complexity of the surgery, as well as your individual response to the procedure. Your healthcare team will determine when it is safe for you to be discharged.
  • Pain Management: You may experience some pain and discomfort at the incision sites after surgery. Your healthcare team will provide appropriate pain medications to manage any postoperative pain.
  • Wound Care: Follow the instructions provided by your healthcare team on how to care for your surgical wounds. Keep the incision sites clean and dry, and change dressings as instructed.
  • Activity and Movement: While it is essential to get up and move around gently after surgery to promote circulation and prevent complications, avoid strenuous activities or heavy lifting for the time recommended by your surgeon.
  • Diet and Hydration: Follow your healthcare team’s guidelines regarding diet and hydration. Start with clear fluids and progress to a regular diet as advised. Staying hydrated is crucial for healing.
  • Medications: Take any prescribed medications as directed by your healthcare provider. If you were on any medications before the surgery, your healthcare team will advise you on when to resume them.
  • Follow-up Appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your surgeon and oncologist. These appointments are crucial for monitoring your recovery and discussing any further treatment or care.
  • Rest and Recovery: Allow yourself sufficient time to rest and recover at home. Listen to your body, and avoid pushing yourself too hard during the initial recovery phase.
  • Report any Concerns: If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as fever, severe pain, excessive bleeding, or signs of infection, contact your healthcare team immediately.
  • Emotional Support: Cancer treatment can be emotionally challenging. Seek emotional support from friends, family, or support groups to help cope with any emotional or psychological aspects of recovery.
  • Follow Oncologist’s Recommendations: If additional cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation, is required, follow your oncologist’s recommendations diligently.
Remember that each person’s recovery process after keyhole surgery for cancer treatment is unique. Your healthcare team will provide specific instructions tailored to your condition and needs. It’s essential to communicate openly with your medical team and follow their guidance to optimize your recovery and achieve the best possible outcome.
Key Hole Surgery Scarless Surgery

Celebrities who have fought cancer and won

Sonali Bendre

Bollywood actress Sonali Bendre was diagnosed with metastatic cancer in 2018. The actress had cancer treatment in the United States and returned cancer-free. She starred in several Bollywood blockbusters, including ‘Kal Ho Naa Ho’ and ‘Sarfarosh.’

Mumtaz

This evergreen Bollywood actress won many hearts with her beauty and charismatic performances in movies such as Do Raaste, Chor Machaye Shor, Aag, Khilona, Aadmi aur Insaan, Upaasna and so on. At the age of 54 she was diagnosed with breast cancer. She fought the disease for 11 years and made sure it did not get the better of her. She was also featured in the UniGlobe Entertainments documentary on cancer survival called ‘1 Minute’.

Robert De Niro

Thanks to regular medical checkups, the actor’s prostate cancer was diagnosed at an early stage in 2003. In December of that year, De Niro had surgery, a typical treatment option when the cancer has not spread beyond the prostate gland.

Amazing Facts about Keyhole Surgery for Cancer treatment

  • The roots of minimally invasive surgery can be traced back to the early 20th century when surgeons started experimenting with small incisions and the use of endoscopes for diagnosis. However, it was in the 1980s when keyhole surgery truly gained momentum with significant advancements in technology and surgical techniques. (Source)
  • Laparoscopy, a type of keyhole surgery, brought a significant shift in cancer treatment. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, laparoscopy was primarily used for diagnostic purposes, but soon, it expanded to include surgical interventions. (Source)
  • Keyhole surgery is now used for various cancer treatments, including gastrointestinal cancers, gynecological cancers, urological cancers, and some types of thoracic and head and neck cancers. It allows surgeons to perform complex cancer surgeries with precision and accuracy. (Source)
  • Keyhole surgery often involves a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, oncologists, and other specialists. This collaborative approach allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s condition and the development of personalized treatment plans. (Source)
  • Keyhole surgery is a field that continues to evolve rapidly. As technology improves and surgical techniques become more refined, the benefits of minimally invasive surgery for cancer treatment will likely increase further.

4 Reasons for Regular Cancer Screening

Complications of Untreated Cancer

What is Keyhole Surgery

Overview

Keyhole surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that utilizes small incisions and specialized instruments to access and operate on the affected area. Instead of a large open incision, several small incisions are made, through which a laparoscope and other surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light source that allows the surgical team to visualize the surgical site on a monitor. This approach offers numerous advantages over traditional open surgery, including reduced postoperative pain, shorter recovery time, and improved cosmetic outcomes.

Procedure

The key steps involved in a keyhole surgery procedure for cancer treatment are as follows:

  1. Patient Preparation: The patient undergoes preoperative evaluation and preparation, which may include fasting, administration of anesthesia, and appropriate positioning on the operating table.
  2. Creation of Incisions: Several small incisions, typically ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 centimeters, are made in the abdomen. The number and location of incisions depend on the specific surgical procedure and the site of the cancerous lesion.
  3. Insertion of Trocars: Trocars, specialized ports, are placed through the incisions to create access points for the laparoscope and surgical instruments. The laparoscope, connected to a high-resolution camera, is inserted through one of the trocars to visualize the surgical field.
  4. Carbon Dioxide Insufflation: Carbon dioxide gas is gently infused into the abdomen to create a working space and improve visibility by lifting the abdominal wall away from internal organs.
  5. Surgical Manipulation: Using long, thin instruments inserted through the remaining trocars, the surgeon performs the necessary surgical manipulations to remove the cancerous tissue or perform other cancer-related procedures.
  6. Closure: Once the surgical procedure is completed, the instruments are removed, and the small incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips.

Who needs Keyhole Surgery

Not all patients are eligible for keyhole surgery, and the decision depends on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s expertise. Generally, patients who meet the following criteria may be considered for scarless surgery:

  1. Early-Stage Cancer: Scarless surgery is most suitable for early-stage cancers that are localized and have not spread to surrounding tissues or distant sites.
  2. Favorable Tumor Characteristics: The size, location, and accessibility of the tumor play a crucial role in determining eligibility for scarless surgery. Tumors that are smaller in size and located in accessible areas are more amenable to this approach.
  3. Patient’s Health Status: The patient should be in good overall health, without significant comorbidities that may increase the risks associated with surgery.

How to prepare for Keyhole Surgery

Preparing for keyhole surgery for cancer treatment involves several important steps to ensure a safe and successful procedure.

Remember that the preparation for keyhole surgery may vary based on the type of cancer and the individual’s specific medical condition. Your healthcare team will provide personalized instructions to help you prepare adequately for the procedure. Always communicate openly with your medical team and follow their guidance for the best possible outcome.

Book
Appointment

Consult
Online

What to do after Keyhole Surgery

After undergoing keyhole surgery for cancer treatment, proper postoperative care is essential for a smooth and successful recovery.

Recovery Room

After the surgery, you will be taken to a recovery room where healthcare professionals will closely monitor your vital signs and ensure you wake up from anesthesia safely.

Hospital Stay

The length of your hospital stay will depend on the extent and complexity of the surgery, as well as your individual response to the procedure. Your healthcare team will determine when it is safe for you to be discharged.

Pain Management

You may experience some pain and discomfort at the incision sites after surgery. Your healthcare team will provide appropriate pain medications to manage any postoperative pain.

Wound Care

Follow the instructions provided by your healthcare team on how to care for your surgical wounds. Keep the incision sites clean and dry, and change dressings as instructed.

Activity and Movement

While it is essential to get up and move around gently after surgery to promote circulation and prevent complications, avoid strenuous activities or heavy lifting for the time recommended by your surgeon.

Diet and Hydration

Follow your healthcare team’s guidelines regarding diet and hydration. Start with clear fluids and progress to a regular diet as advised. Staying hydrated is crucial for healing.

Medications

Take any prescribed medications as directed by your healthcare provider. If you were on any medications before the surgery, your healthcare team will advise you on when to resume them.

Follow-up Appointments

Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your surgeon and oncologist. These appointments are crucial for monitoring your recovery and discussing any further treatment or care.

Rest and Recovery

Allow yourself sufficient time to rest and recover at home. Listen to your body, and avoid pushing yourself too hard during the initial recovery phase.

Report any Concerns

If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as fever, severe pain, excessive bleeding, or signs of infection, contact your healthcare team immediately.

Emotional Support

Cancer treatment can be emotionally challenging. Seek emotional support from friends, family, or support groups to help cope with any emotional or psychological aspects of recovery.

Follow Oncologist’s Recommendations

If additional cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation, is required, follow your oncologist’s recommendations diligently.

Remember that each person’s recovery process after keyhole surgery for cancer treatment is unique. Your healthcare team will provide specific instructions tailored to your condition and needs. It’s essential to communicate openly with your medical team and follow their guidance to optimize your recovery and achieve the best possible outcome.

Benefits of Keyhole Surgery

Risks of Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole surgery, although generally safe and effective, does carry certain risks and limitations that should be considered

DR. AVINASH TANK

0 yrs

Experience

0 +

Award & Presentations

0 +

Satisfied Families

0 +

Successful Surgeries

endoscopy
0 +

Endoscopy

Benefits of Treatment by
Dr Avinash Tank

Benefits of Treatment at
Dwarika Hospital

Recent Blogs

Top Gallbladder Stone Doctor Near Me.

Reading Time: 2 minutes Spread the love         Top Gallbladder Stone Doctor Near Me.  Are you experiencing sudden and severe pain in your upper right abdomen, especially…

Best Gallbladder stone doctor near me.

Reading Time: < 1 minute Spread the love         Best Gallbladder stone doctor near me. Gallstones can be a painful and disruptive presence in your life. But…

Supreme Court Revisits Applicability of Consumer Protection Act to Professionals (Doctors & Lawyers)

Supreme Court Revisits Applicability of Consumer Protection Act to Professionals (Doctors & Lawyers)

Reading Time: 2 minutes Spread the love         Supreme Court Revisits Applicability of Consumer Protection Act to Professionals (Doctors & Lawyers).  The Supreme Court of India has…

Gallery

Translate »
error: Content is protected !!

Book An Appointment

Consult Online

Name(Required)