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Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

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Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

Amazing Facts about Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

  • Botanical Name and History:
    • Botanical Name: Myristica fragrans
    • History: Nutmeg has a rich history dating back to ancient times when it was highly valued for its aromatic and medicinal properties. It was primarily found in the Banda Islands of Indonesia, and its trade played a significant role in shaping the world’s economy during the Age of Exploration.
  • Common Name:
    • Jatiphala (Sanskrit)
    • Jaiphal (Hindi)
    • Jathikai (Tamil)
    • Jaiphal (Marathi)
    • Jathikka (Malayalam)
    • Jajikaya (Telugu)
    • Jaiphal (Gujarati)
    • Jaiphal (Bengali)
  • Parts Used:
    • Nutmeg and Mace: Nutmeg is the seed of the fruit, while Mace is the reddish covering or aril that surrounds the seed.
  • Source:
    • Plant-based: Jatiphala is derived from the nutmeg tree, scientifically known as Myristica fragrans.
  • Native Region & Geographical Distribution:
    • Native to the Banda Islands of Indonesia, Jatiphala is now grown in various tropical regions worldwide, including India, Sri Lanka, and the Caribbean.
  • Natural Season of Availability:
    • Nutmeg fruits are usually harvested in summer and autumn, while Mace is collected during winter.

Chemical Composition

Nutmeg is a powerhouse of bioactive compounds that contribute to its distinct flavor and impressive health benefits. Some of the key compounds found in Nutmeg include:

  1. Myristicin: A natural compound responsible for the aromatic and spicy flavor of Nutmeg. It exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.
  2. Elemicin: Another aromatic compound found in Nutmeg, known for its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
  3. Eugenol: An essential oil present in Nutmeg that possesses antimicrobial and analgesic properties.
  4. Safrole: A volatile oil in Nutmeg with potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
  5. Terpenes: These organic compounds contribute to Nutmeg’s unique fragrance and may have therapeutic benefits.

Nutritional Value

Nutmeg is not only a flavorful spice but also a source of essential nutrients. A 100-gram serving of Nutmeg contains approximately:

  • Energy: 525 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 49.29 g
  • Protein: 5.84 g
  • Fat: 36.31 g
  • Dietary Fiber: 20.8 g
  • Vitamin C: 3 mg
  • Vitamin A: 102 IU
  • Vitamin B-complex: Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6
  • Calcium: 184 mg
  • Iron: 3.04 mg
  • Magnesium: 183 mg
  • Potassium: 350 mg
  • Zinc: 2.15 mg

Benefits on Health

  1. Aids Digestion: Nutmeg has carminative properties that help soothe the digestive system and alleviate indigestion, gas, and bloating.
  2. Improves Brain Health: Certain compounds in Nutmeg have neuroprotective properties, promoting cognitive function and memory.
  3. Relieves Pain and Inflammation: The analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of Nutmeg can help alleviate headaches, muscle pain, and joint inflammation.
  4. Enhances Immunity: Nutmeg contains antioxidants that support the immune system, protecting the body against infections and illnesses.
  5. Supports Cardiovascular Health: Nutmeg’s potassium content helps regulate blood pressure, while its fiber content aids in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1: Can Nutmeg be used as a natural remedy for insomnia?

Ans: Yes, Nutmeg’s sedative properties can help promote sleep and alleviate insomnia when consumed in moderate amounts.

Q2: Is Nutmeg beneficial for digestion?

Ans: Yes, Nutmeg aids in digestion by reducing indigestion, bloating, and gas. It is often used as a culinary spice and in herbal remedies for digestive issues.

Q3: Can Nutmeg be applied topically for joint pain?

Ans: Yes, Nutmeg oil, when diluted with a carrier oil, can be massaged onto sore muscles and joints to alleviate pain and inflammation.

Q4: Is Nutmeg safe during pregnancy?

Ans: Pregnant women should avoid consuming excessive amounts of Nutmeg, as it may have mild psychoactive effects and could potentially lead to adverse outcomes.

Q5: How can Nutmeg be used in cooking?

Ans: Nutmeg is commonly used as a spice in sweet and savory dishes, including desserts, soups, stews, and sauces, to enhance flavor.

Precautions when Using Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

While Nutmeg offers a plethora of health benefits, it should be used in moderation to avoid potential side effects. Overconsumption of Nutmeg may lead to toxicity symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and disorientation. Pregnant women and individuals with liver or kidney issues should use Nutmeg cautiously. Always consult a healthcare professional before incorporating Nutmeg into your diet or using it for medicinal purposes.

Recommended Dose

The recommended dosage of Nutmeg is usually limited to 1-2 grams per day for culinary and medicinal purposes.

How to Use Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

Nutmeg can be used in powdered form, grated, or as essential oil in various culinary creations and herbal remedies.

Parts Used

  • Nutmeg: The seed is used as a spice and for medicinal purposes.
  • Mace: The aril is used as a flavoring agent and in some traditional medicines.

Healthy Recipe Made from Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

Nutmeg-Spiced Quinoa Breakfast Bowl:


  • 1 cup cooked quinoa
  • 1/2 cup unsweetened almond milk
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground Nutmeg
  • 1 tablespoon honey or maple syrup
  • 1/4 cup mixed berries (blueberries, strawberries, or raspberries)
  • 1 tablespoon chopped nuts (almonds or walnuts)
  • A pinch of cinnamon for garnish


  • In a saucepan, warm the almond milk and stir in the cooked quinoa.
  • Add ground Nutmeg and sweeten with honey or maple syrup to taste.
  • Transfer the quinoa mixture to a serving bowl and top it with mixed berries and chopped nuts.
  • Sprinkle a pinch of cinnamon for extra flavor and serve warm.

Side Effects of Jatiphala (Nutmeg)

While Nutmeg is generally safe when used in culinary amounts, excessive consumption can lead to nutmeg poisoning. Symptoms of nutmeg poisoning include nausea, dizziness, dry mouth, palpitations, and hallucinations. It is crucial to use Nutmeg in moderation and avoid its use in high doses or concentrated forms.


In conclusion, Jatiphala (Nutmeg) is a versatile spice with a rich history and a wide array of health benefits. When used wisely, it can add unique flavour to dishes and offer therapeutic properties. Embrace the goodness of Nutmeg and explore its culinary and medicinal potential for overall well-being, while being mindful of its recommended dose to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

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