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Save your liver in rainy season.
The risk of viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis A and E, can increase during the rainy season or monsoon. The reasons for the increased risk during this period are as follows:
- Contaminated Water: In many regions, the rainy season can lead to flooding and waterlogging, which can contaminate water sources with sewage and other pollutants. Hepatitis A and E viruses are primarily transmitted through contaminated water or food, so an increase in waterborne diseases is common during this time.
- Poor Sanitation: Heavy rains and floods can disrupt sanitation systems, leading to poor waste disposal and inadequate sewage management. This can further contaminate water sources and increase the risk of hepatitis transmission.
- Waterborne Outbreaks: During the rainy season, there is an increased likelihood of waterborne disease outbreaks, including hepatitis A and E. Consuming contaminated water or eating food washed with contaminated water can lead to infections.
- Reduced Immunity: Some studies suggest that viral infections, including hepatitis viruses, may spread more easily during the rainy season due to changes in humidity and temperature. Additionally, people may have weaker immune responses during this period, making them more susceptible to infections.
Preventing Hepatitis During the Rainy Season:
To reduce the risk of contracting viral hepatitis during the rainy season, you can take the following precautions:
- Drink Safe Water: Always drink clean, boiled, or filtered water. Avoid consuming tap water, especially in areas prone to flooding.
- Wash Hands: Regularly wash your hands with soap and clean water, especially before eating or preparing food.
- Eat Clean Food: Consume thoroughly cooked food and avoid raw or undercooked items. Avoid eating street food or food from unhygienic places.
- Avoid Contaminated Water: Be cautious about swimming in or coming into contact with floodwaters, as they may be contaminated with sewage.
- Vaccination: If you are traveling to areas with a high prevalence of hepatitis A and E, consider getting vaccinated against these viruses before your trip.
- Maintain Hygiene: Keep your living environment clean and maintain good personal hygiene practices.
- Seek Medical Attention: If you experience symptoms of viral hepatitis, such as jaundice, fatigue, nausea, or abdominal pain, seek medical attention promptly for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Remember that while the rainy season may pose an increased risk of viral hepatitis transmission, following good hygiene practices and taking preventive measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of infection.