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Watermelon/ Tarbooz

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Watermelon (Tarbooz)

watermelon cut in half

Amazing Facts about Watermelon

  1. Botanical Name and History:
    • Botanical Name: Citrullus lanatus
    • History: Watermelon is believed to have originated in Africa, with evidence of its cultivation dating back to ancient Egypt over 5,000 years ago.
  2. Common Name: Watermelon, Tarbooz
  3. Synonyms in Hindi, Sanskrit, Regional Language: Tarbooz (Hindi), Kalingad (Sanskrit), Tarbuj (Marathi), Valam Pazham (Tamil)
  4. Parts Used: The edible parts of watermelon are the juicy pulp and seeds, while the rind is also used in some culinary preparations.
  5. Source: Watermelon is a plant-based source.
  6. Native Region & Geographical Distribution:
    • Watermelon is cultivated worldwide, primarily in warm and tropical regions.
    • In India, watermelon is grown in various states, including Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh.
  7. Natural Season of Availability: Watermelon is available during the summer season, making it a refreshing treat to beat the heat.

Chemical Composition

Watermelon is mainly composed of water, with approximately 92% water content. The fruit also contains essential nutrients and bioactive compounds, including:

  • Vitamins: Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin B6
  • Minerals: Potassium, Magnesium
  • Antioxidants: Lycopene, Beta-carotene, Cucurbitacin E

Nutritional Value

Per 100g of Watermelon contains approximately:

  • Calories: 30 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 7.6g
  • Sugars: 6.2g
  • Dietary Fiber: 0.4g
  • Protein: 0.6g
  • Fat: 0.2g
  • Vitamin C: 8.1mg
  • Potassium: 112mg
  • Magnesium: 10mg

Benefits on Health

  1. Hydration: Due to its high water content, watermelon is an excellent hydrating fruit, especially during hot weather.
  2. Heart Health: Watermelon contains lycopene, which may contribute to heart health by reducing the risk of heart disease.
  3. Skin and Hair: The Vitamin A and C in watermelon support healthy skin and hair, promoting a radiant complexion.
  4. Digestive Health: The dietary fiber in watermelon aids digestion and helps prevent constipation.
  5. Weight Management: Watermelon is low in calories and fat, making it a healthy choice for those aiming for weight management.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1: Is it safe to consume watermelon during pregnancy?

Ans: Yes, watermelon is safe for pregnant women, and its hydrating properties can be beneficial during pregnancy.

Q2: Does watermelon have any negative effects on blood sugar levels?

Ans: Watermelon has a low glycemic index and is safe for most individuals with diabetes when consumed in moderation.

Q3: Can watermelon cause allergies?

Ans: Some individuals may have allergic reactions to watermelon, which can manifest as itching or swelling. It is best to avoid if allergic.

Q4: Can watermelon help with muscle soreness?

Ans: Watermelon contains citrulline, which may aid in reducing muscle soreness after exercise.

Q5: Can watermelon seeds be consumed?

Ans: Yes, watermelon seeds can be eaten after roasting or sprouting. They are a good source of protein and healthy fats.

Precautions when Using Watermelon

People with known allergies to watermelon or related fruits should avoid its consumption.

Recommended Dose

There is no specific recommended dose for watermelon. Enjoy it as part of a balanced diet.

How to Use Watermelon

Watermelon can be consumed fresh as a refreshing snack, juiced, blended into smoothies, or added to fruit salads.

Parts Used

The juicy pulp and seeds of watermelon are commonly used, and the rind can be used for pickling or cooking.

Healthy Recipe made from Watermelon

Watermelon Feta Salad:


  • 2 cups cubed watermelon
  • 1/2 cup crumbled feta cheese
  • 1/4 cup fresh mint leaves, chopped
  • 1/4 cup red onion, thinly sliced
  • 2 tbsp balsamic glaze


  • In a large bowl, combine the watermelon, feta cheese, mint, and red onion.
  • Drizzle the balsamic glaze over the salad and gently toss to combine.
  • Serve chilled as a refreshing summer salad.

Side Effects of Watermelon

  • Overconsumption can lead to an upset stomach or diarrhea due to its high water and fiber content. Moderation is key.
  • Some people may experience allergic reactions, especially if allergic to other fruits from the Cucurbitaceae family.


In conclusion, watermelon is a delicious and hydrating fruit that offers a range of health benefits. It is a perfect addition to your summer diet and can be enjoyed in various forms. However, it is essential to consume it in moderation and be mindful of any allergies or adverse reactions. Incorporate it into your meals and enjoy its natural sweetness while reaping its nutritional advantages.

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